Thursday, July 3

thursday's theme: freedom

IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America
when in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these united Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.
John Hancock
New Hampshire:Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton
Massachusetts:John Hancock, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island:Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery
Connecticut:Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott
New York:William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris
New Jersey:Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark
Pennsylvania:Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross
Delaware:Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean
Maryland:Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia:George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton
North Carolina:William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn
South Carolina:Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., Arthur Middleton
Georgia:Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton

26 Comments:

Susan said...

Let freedom ring! Have a great weekend!!

NoRegrets said...

Thanks... and what a lotta links!

OG, The Original Glamazon said...

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

If only we could get this right!!

Happy 4th! May the Vodka flow like the firewroks!

-OG

WNG said...

That's my plan, Susan :-) You too!!!

Well, I try to help out NoR :-)

OG - I'm hoping it doesn't, I'm hoping it stays down in my stomach where I put it!!! But I'll be on a boat so you never know...

Doc said...

You are one upping me G... I have the same thing already scheduled to post TOMORROW ON THE ACTUAL 4TH !!

Grrrr...

I luv you anyway though....

WNG said...

Great minds Doc :-)
I'll be on a schooner in the Atlantic on the 4th so I had to do it today

OK guys - I know I'm a big dork but I love the fact that they took the backstory for Pres Bartlett on the West Wing from this document... I like dorky little details like that :-) Check out the name of the first signer fron NH.

Jay said...

Ahhhhh ... the Good Old Days. Back when we didn't put up with a bunch of crap from our government and our "leaders."

Doc said...

Hey G did you know that Jefferson had an entire section of the Declaration about slavery and the ability to own others as property, but he got voted down by a majority of the other founding fathers that back in 1776 thought it not good to put that in a document that declares all men are created equal?

WNG said...

I'm trying really hard to just be purely proud of a great document and happy about the 4th but you guys are mucking it up for me. Yes, Doc, I did know that. It's one of Papa G's fun Jefferson facts. He was seriously one of the most contradictory men in our history.

OG, The Original Glamazon said...

I meant in abundance...may you have as much Vodka as there are fireworks in the sky!!!

Now THAT'S a 4th of July card for you!

-OG

WNG said...

Yuuummmmmmmm Vodka!!!

Thanks, OG!!! Same to you :-)

OG, The Original Glamazon said...

Doc, did you know that many believe that Jefferson was black (well based on the Jim Crowe one drop rule of course)? Actually based on that one drop rule we southerners SO LOVE, 5 of America's presidents were black.

Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge all had Black ancestors.

Man G I love your blog is so fun to share here!! If you want to know more Doc, I'll post a blog about them JUST FOR YOU!!

-OG

WNG said...

OG - I can't handle being this nice to Doc for this long, so I'm going back to calling him Turtle - just to get my snark quotient up for the day.
I'm glad you like playing my sandbox!!! And please do that post on the Prezs. I love to learn new things :-)

OG, The Original Glamazon said...

I'm too lazy to post anything that isn't all ready pre-written so here's a link for all that are interested in the back story on the 5 "black" presidents.

http://www.diversityinc.com/public/3085.cfm?gclid=CMag3PbqoZQCFQVcswodEhM4uA

-OG

WNG said...

Slacker.
BTW you can go bug Turtle any time over at You Just Keep On Believing That - it's on my sidebar :-)

OG, The Original Glamazon said...

I just did. I have been over a few times but I just hadn't got my Double Dutch rhythm to jump in on the comments section. Its fast and furious over there sometimes.

-OG

Doc said...

5 of America's presidents were black.

Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge all had Black ancestors.


I have heard of this before..... Funny (and deserving)that Bill Clinton isn't in that list... (if you catch my drift - If you don't look down the right side of G's blog)

Doc said...

I have been over a few times but I just hadn't got my Double Dutch rhythm to jump in on the comments section. Its fast and furious over there sometimes.


You don't need any rhythm over there. That is one stereotype that me and Vin do live up to... Neither one of us white boys have any rhythm :D

Please visit and comment any time. We know no strangers (except anyone who tries to flame or spew hateful rhetoric)

WNG said...

OG - you just have to jump in...and don't try to drink anything you don't want flying out of your mouth onto your keyboard as you crack up :-)

Turtle - I'm taking a pic this weekend of me wearing my new shirt so you can think dirty thoughts :-)
And yes - I love that Slick Willy isn't on that list too!!!

Doc said...

I'm taking a pic this weekend of me wearing my new shirt so you can think dirty thoughts :-)


Purrrrrrr !!

WNG said...

I try to help out.

Doc said...

Oh my... I just had a thought, but it's in poor taste (really poor taste) so I won't share it...

WNG said...

Share! Share! Share!!! Poor taste is why Al Gore invented email :-)

Doc said...

Not sure I want to.. Even though I am only joking this might not come out right... If I e-mail you you promise that you know I am joking??

WNG said...

Turtle, calm down! We can't all be as naturally hilarious and fabulous as I am! It takes, luck and skill and talent and boobs!

Not that you don't have all those things...

slag said...

That's Warren *G* Harding...a relation, G? If so, does the G really stand for gangsta like Colbert says?

Optimism waning. GOTVing tomorrow, if I can bring myself to be patriotic for a day. Not looking good right now, though.